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Tamul Book Konneivenden, written by the Female Philosopher Avyar (aka Ayvar)


Translation of the Small Tamul Book Konneivenden, written by the Female Philosopher Avyar (aka Ayvar) as appeared in the seventh volume of the “Asiatic Researches” in 1808.


Continual praise be to the Son of him, who is crowned with the flower of Konnei (Poinciana pulcherrima.)

Mother and Father are the first known Deity.

A good man attendeth religious service.

Without one’s own house there is no where a good lodging.

The estate of the wicked will he robbed by the wicked.

Modesty is the best ornament of the fair sex.

If one maketh himself hateful to his fellow creatures, he must entirely


Exercise in writing and cyphering is most useful.

Obstinate children are like a poisonous draft.

Though thou are very poor, do what is honest.

Adhere chiefly to the only one constantly.


The virtuous will always improve in wisdom and knowledge.

A wicked mouth destroys all wealth.

Seek wealth and money, but without quarrel.

Give in writing what shall stand fast.

A woman must attend herself best.

Even with thy nearest friends speak not impolitely.

Speak friendly even to the poor.

If one will criticise, he will find some fault every where.

Speak not haughtily, though thou art a great man.

To pardon is better than to revenge.

What shall stand firm must have witnesses.

Wisdom is of greater value than ready money.

To be on gooil terms with the King is useful in due time.

A calumnious mouth is a fire in the wood.

Good advisers are hated by the world.

The best ornament of a family is unanimity.

What a senior says, must a junior not despise.

If thou cherishest passion, all thy merit is lost.

Get first the plough, and then look out for the oxen.

A moral life has a happy influence on the public.

Gaming and quarrelling bring misery.

Without practical virtue there is no merit.

Keep a proper time even for thy bed.

Be peaceful, give and be happy.

A merchant must he careful with money.

Laziness brings great distress.

To obey the father is better than prayer.

To honour the mother is better than divine service.

Seek thy convenient livelihood shoudst thou even do it upon the sea.

Irreconcileableness ends in quarrel.

A bad wife is like a fire in the lap.

A slandering wife is like a devil.

Without the mercy of the Deity nothing will prosper.

He who squanders away even what he has not gained justly must perish at last.

In January and February sleep under a good roof.

Better eat by hard labour than by humble begging.

Speak not what is low even to thy friend.

Without a clean conscience there is no good sleep.

If the public is happy, all are safe.

Improvement in wisdom improves our veracity.

Seek a house where good water is at hand.

Deliberate first well what thou art going to begin.

The reading of good books will improve welfare.

Who speaks as he thinks is an upright man.

What we propose we must pursue with zeal.

We must not speak dishonestly even to a poor man.

Dishonesty will end in infamy.

Laziness brings lamentations.

The fruit will be equal to the seed.

We cannot always drink milk, but must submit to the time.

An honest man does not touch another’s property.

The name of a true great man will ever remain in esteem.

Lies are as much as murder and robbery.

What honesty can be expected from low fellows?

Amongst relations civility is often neglected.


A mild temper is a beauty in women.

The meek are the happiest.

Keep thyself from all that is bad.

Wisdom is the direct way to Heaven.

Let thy fellow creatures partake in thy enjoyments.

Where there is no rain, there is no crop.

After lighting follows rain.

Without a good steerer a ship cannot sail.

Who sows in time will have a good crop.

The precepts of the old ought to be cheerfully observed.

Who keeps the proper time to sleep will sleep well.

The plough never will let one suffer want.

Live in matrimony and be moderate.

Who breaks his word loses his interest.

Abhor and fly from lasciviousness.

Gain by deceit will at last be lost.

If Heaven is not favourable nothing will prosper.

From impolite people honesty can’t be expected.

The words of the haughty are like arrows.

A family ought to support their poor.

A great man must also have a great mind.

A good man will never deceive.

If the Lord is angry, no man can save.

All the world shall praise God.

Sleep on a safe place.

Without religion is no virtue.


End of the Moral Sentences called Konneivenden, written by Avyar.

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Kalwioluckam, or Rules of Learning, by Avyar (aka Ayvar)


Translation of the Kalwioluckam, or Rules of Learning, by Avyar as appeared in the seventh volume of the “Asiatic Researches” (1808).


The zealous study of sciences brings increasing happiness and honour.

From the fifth year of age learning must begin.

The more we learn the more understanding we get.

Spare no expence to learn reading and writing.

Of all treasures, reading and writing are the most valuable.

Learning is really the most durable treasure.

An ignorant man ought to remain dumb.

He who is ignorant of reading and writing, is indeed very poor.

Though thou should’st be very poor, learn at least something.

Of each matter endeavour to get a clear knowledge.

The true end of knowledge is to distinguish good and bad.

He who has learned nothing is a confused prattler.

The five syllables Na ma si va yah contain a great mystery.

He who is without knowledge is like a blind man.

Cyphering must be learned in youth.

Be not the cause of shame to thy relations.

Fly from all that is low.

One accomplished philosopher is hardly to be met with among thousands.

A wise man will never cease to learn.

If all should be lost, what we have learned will never be lost.

He who loves instruction will never perish.

A wise man is like a supporting hand.

He who has attained learning by free self application, excels other philosophers.

Continue always in learning, though thou should’st do it at a great expence.


Enjoy always the company of wise men.

He who has learned most is most worthy of honour.

What we have learned in youth, is like a writing cut in stone.

Speak the Tamul language not only elegantly, but also distinctly.

False speaking causes infinite quarrels.

He who studies sophistry and deceit, turns out a wicked man.

Science is an ornament wherever we come.

He who converses with the wicked, perishes with them.

Honour a moral master (tutor.)

Speak slowly when thou conversest or teachest.

He who knoweth himself is the wisest.

What thou hast learned teach also to others.

Learn in a proper manneq then thou wilt succeed in being wise.

He who will be a tutor, must first have a well grounded knowledge.

If one knows what sin is, he becomes wise.

The wicked will not accept of instruction.

Do not fix thy attention on vain women.

Well principled wise men approach the perfection of the Divinity.

Begin thy learning in the name of the Divine Son, (Pulleyar.)

Endeavour to be respected amongst men by learning.

Let thy learning be thy best friend.

Use the strongest intreaties where thou canst learn something, then wilt thou become a great man in the world.

All perishes except learning.

Though one is of a low birth, learning will make him respected.

Religious wise men enjoy great happiness.

Though thou should’st be one hundred years old, endeavour still to increase in knowledge.


Wisdom is firm grounded even on the great ocean.

Without wisdom no where is there ground to stand upon.

Learning also suits old age.

Wise men will never offend any by speaking.

Accept instructions even from men of a low birth.

Do not behave impolitely to men of learning.

Poets require a great deal of learning.

The unwise only flatter others.

Seek honor, and thou shalt get it.

The virtuous aee also tutors.

Wisdom is the greatest treasure on earth.

The wiser the more respected.

Learning gives great fame.

Learn one thing after the other, but not hastily.

A science in which we take no pleasure is like a bitter medicine.

Speak so that town and country people may understand thee.

Wise men are as good as kings.

Do not deceive even thine own enemy.

Hast thou learned much, communicate it also in an agreeable manner.

In whom is much science, in him is great value.

The present Tamul language does not equal the old.

He that knows the sciences of the Antients, is the greatest Philosopher.

Truth is in learning the best.

Wise men are exalted above all other men.

True philosophy does not suffer a man to be put in confusion.

In proportion as one increases in learning, he ought also to increase in virtue.

The most prosperous good is the increase in learning,

He who has no knowledge knows not also the truth.

Wisdom is a treasure valued every where.

A good tutor is beloved over the whole world.

What we gain by science is the best estate, (inheritance).

Adore the Goddess Sarasbadi.

The Vedam (sacred writings) teaches wisdom.

Speak and write for the benefit of the public.

He who speaks well and connectedly, is best understood by all.

If knowledge has a proper influence on the mind, it makes us virtuous.


End of the Moral Book Kalwioluckam, composed by Avyar.

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Atisudi, by Avyar (aka Ayvar)

Translation of the Atisudi, by Avyar as appeared in the seventh volume of the “Asiatic Researches” (1808).


Glory and Honour be to the divine son of him, who is crowned with the flowers of the Ati (Bauhinia tomentosa.) Clarification: Shiven is represented with this flower round his head, and Pulleyar or Vickinesuren is his first Son who is here implored.

Charity be thy pleasure.

Be not passionate.

Be not a miser in giving.

Hinder none in charity.

Do not manifest thy secrets.

Lose not thy courage.

Exercise thyself in cyphering and writing.

To live on alms is shameful.

Give, and then eat.

Converse only with the peaceful.

Never cease to improve in learning.

Do not speak what is dishonest.

Do not raise the price of victuals.

Do not say more than thou hast seen..

Take care of what is most dear.

Bathe on each Saturday.

Speak what is agreeable.

Build not too large a house.

Know first one’s character before thou art confident.

Honour thy father and mother.

Do not forget benefits received.

Sow in due time.

Tillage gives the best livelihood.

Do not walk about melancholy.

Do not play with snakes.

Bed thyself on cotton, (soft.)

Do not speak craftily.

Do not flatter.

Learn whilst thou art young.

Do not forget what is best for thy body.

Avoid affectation.

Forget offence.

To protect is noble.

Seek a constant happiness.

Avoid what is low.

Keep strongly what is good.

Do not part with thy friend.

Do not hurt any body.

Hear and improve.

Do not use thy hands to do mischief.

Do not desire stolen goods.

Be not slothful in thy actions.

Keep strictly to the laws of the country.

Keep company with the virtuous.

Be not a scoffer.

Do not act against the custom of the country.

Make not others blush by thy speaking.

Do not love gaming.

What thou dost, do with propriety.

Consider the place where thou goest.

Do not walk about as a spy.

Do not speak too much.

Do not walk about like a dreamer.

Converse with those who are polite.

Endeavour to be settled at a fixed place.

Dedicate thyself to Tirumal, Vishtnoo.

Abhor what is bad.

Indulge not thy distress.

Save rather than destroy.

Speak not disrespectfully of the Deity.

Be on good terms with thy fellow citizens.

Do not mind what women say.

Do not despise thy ancestors.

Do not pursue a conquered enemy.

Be constant in virtue.

Have a regard for country people.

Remain in thy station.

Do not play in water.

Do not occupy thyself with trifles.

Keep the divine laws.

Cultivate what gives the best fruit.

Remain constantly in what is just.

Do thy business without murmur.

Do not speak ill of any body.

Do not make thyself sick.

Mock not those who have any bodily defect.

Go not where a snake may lie.

Do not speak of others faults.

Keep far from infection.

Endeavour to get a good name.

Seek thy livelihood by tilling the ground.

Endeavour to get the protection of the great.

Avoid being simple.

Converse not with the wicked.

Be prudent in applying thy money.

Come not near to thine adversary.

Choose what is the best.

Do not come near one who is in a passion.

Avoid the company of cholerick men.

Converse with those who are meek.

Follow the advices of wise men.

Go not into the house of the dancing girls.

Speak distinctly to be well understood.

Abhor bad lusts.

Do not speak falsely.

Do not like dispute.

Love Learning.

Endeavour to get a house of your own.

Be an honest man.

Live peaceful with thy fellow citizen.

Do not speak frightfully.

Do not evil purposely.

Be clean in thy clothes.

Go only where there is peace.

Love religious meditation.